Advice and Tips (continued)
Items in your rucksack:
- Water (enough for the day and extra)
- Torches / Headlamps(2x, check batteries)
- MultiTool with pocket knife
- Planned food for the day
- 1 x Emergency Food per person or MRE’S
- First Aid Kit
- Emergency blanket (1 per person)
- Lighter and box of matches
- Area map
- Long cord or rope / paracord bracelet
- Waterproof pack away jacket
- A small mirror to reflect the sun. (easy to see from the air on a clear day)
- Cell phone registed with 999 (UK). And if no signal, you are otherwise prepared with the above items.
What to wear:
Warm days / cold nights
Comfortable walking clothes, breathable and cool. Pack set of base layers, 1 pair of warm socks, warm pack-away jacket or something light in weight, but with good insulation. Below 14C nights, you may need more than a jumper/t-shirt depending on wind factor. Pack-away waterproof rain jacket should always be in your pack no matter where you are, as any wet clothing can lead to hypothermia upon temperature change. Also, make sure your day pack is waterproof or you have a waterproof cover. A bright orage cover can also be seen easy from the air.
Hot days / warm nights:
Comfortable walking clothes, breathable and cool. If there is any potential for rain, have a pack-away rain jacket ready. Make sure your day pack is waterproof or you have a waterproof cover. Don't forget proper insect repellant for the area, and possibly netted or long / breathable clothing depending on mosquito hazard. Even in warm climates, the night can be cool. In some deserts, the night can be freezing.
Cold days / Freezing nights:
Comfortable walking clothes, warm, breathable and layered. Base layers should be wicking so you don't trap moisture on your skin. If you are not hiking with your jacket on, always pack or wear a jacket that can handle below freezing temperatures. Don't forget insulated breathable gloves and also insulated waterproof gloves if there is the potential for snow. In extreme conditins it is best to have waterproof insulated boots, an extra pair of dry wool or wool wicking socks, insulated hat and even a neckwarmer is a good idea. Trousers should be comfortalbe and warm with a base layer underneath. It is best to walk in waterproof trousers with gaitors. If not, don't forget a pair of light-weight waterproof pack-away trousers so you can wear them on top in case of rain or snow. If your warm jacket is not waterproof, always have a pack-away rain jacket ready to wear over your warm jacket. Make sure your day pack is waterproof or you have a waterproof cover.
Extreme conditions can mean polar or desert, tropical or high-altitude. These kind of expeditions require careful planning and detailed kit. Never attempt to conquer these kinds of places without proper training and specialised equipment.
- Weather and circumstance can change in seconds or minutes. Always know the weather and geographic possibilites for where you are headed and make sure you are well-equipped. The above guidelies are only for basic survival in the event you get caught out for one night. If there is the possibiliy to get caught for more than one night, double the kit and consider even making that a backpacking trip, not a day walk.
- Remember the sun sets earlier for half the year. The further north or south you are, the faster the sun will go down. Mountains and hills will darken earlier than flat land. Give yourself the same amount of time to get out in the light as it took you to get where you are, noting the terrain and grade on the way back.